War in Ukraine: what is the Nasams, this anti-aircraft missile system with a range of 180 km that the United States wants to deliver to kyiv?

War in Ukraine: what is the Nasams, this anti-aircraft missile system with a range of 180 km that the United States wants to deliver to kyiv?

The United States is expected to announce this week the purchase of medium- and long-range surface-to-air missile defense systems for delivery to Ukraine.

Joe Biden, currently present G7 in Germany for a summit of the seven most industrialized countries focused on Ukraine, had recently promised that the United States would provide Ukraine with “more advanced rocket systems and ammunition”.

A request made long ago by Kyiv that the American president should grant this week, according to CNN.

These systems, known as Nasams, for “Norwegian Advanced Surface to Air Missile System”, is a Norwegian surface-to-air missile battery intended for medium and long-range anti-aircraft warfare. Using the American AIM-120 AMRAAM missile, it is the first surface application of this missile.

180 km range

The latest evolution of this state-of-the-art weapon (AIM-120D (C-8)) has a theoretical range of 180 km, a far cry from the Himars multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) recently delivered to Ukraine, and capable of striking to Moscow.

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The system consists of American-built AN/TPQ-36A three-dimensional radars, for low altitude surveillance (LASR, Low Altitude Surveillance Radar), AIM-120 AMRAAM missiles and a battle management and control system called FDC, for “Fire Distribution Center”. This FDC, connected to a radar, forms a radar acquisition and control system, or ARCS (Acquisition Radar and Control System) ready to identify and trigger strikes on air targets.

Ukraine running out of ammunition

This anti-aircraft system notably protects Wahsington, the American federal capital, and its region from any air attack.

Last Friday, the administration of President Joe Biden announced the allocation of $450 million in aid for Ukraine, after voting a check for $1 billion in mid-June. As well as the delivery of four more Multiple Launch Rocket Systems (Himars) and artillery ammunition for other systems as Ukrainian forces run out of Soviet-era ammunition.

Since the start of the Biden presidency, the United States has provided approximately $6.8 billion in military assistance to Ukraine, including more than $6.1 billion since the start of the “special military operation” Russian, the Pentagon reported earlier. Since 2014, Washington has provided more than $8.7 billion in military aid to Kyiv.

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US military strategists expect Russian forces to maintain intense attacks in the east, characterized by heavy artillery and missile strikes, with the intent to wear down Ukrainian forces and the resolve of the NATO over time.

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