transport, education… Which sectors are the most affected?

transport, education… Which sectors are the most affected?


There are “70,000 unfilled jobs in industry”, assured Minister Roland Lescure to employers at the end of August. Marked by the wave of business closures in the 1980s, the sector has been experiencing tensions for several years, which have increased with the health crisis. Metallurgy is particularly suffering: boilermakers, sheet metal workers and welders are among the 10 professions where recruiting is the most difficult in 2022, according to the “Needs in labor” survey by Pôle emploi, published in April.

The situation is explained “in part by the mismatch between supply and demand” of employees, explains David Derré, director of employment training at UIMM, employers’ union in the sector which intends to highlight “the question of sovereignty strategy” that this sector takes to attract candidates.


In July, 61% of construction companies said they had recruitment difficulties, according to a Banque de France economic update published in August. At the top of the most complicated positions to fill, according to Pôle Emploi: roofers. Also in the top 10 are carpenters and fit-out workers.

“We could do much better (accept more sites, etc.) if we were able to recruit more easily,” said Jean-Christophe Repon, president of the Confederation of Crafts and Small Building Companies (Capeb) .


School buses, public transport, trains and even air transport: no sector of passenger transport escapes the shortage of employees, with consequently a deteriorated service for users. According to the Banque de France, 78% of companies in the sector reported difficulties in recruiting in July. Main reason for this disenchantment: working conditions and wages that do not attract.

“We have to work weekends, evenings, holidays. The holidays in July August, you have to forget them, especially at the beginning, ”explains Didier Mathis, secretary general of Unsa-Ferroviaire. To make up for the lack of personnel, airline companies are looking to recruit now for next season.

Engineers, consulting and digital

Companies also lack engineers and consultants, due to a “shortage of talent” and “strong competition from companies on certain profiles”, according to the Syntec federation, which brings together unions in these trades. Since the health crisis, the federation has noted an aspiration “to work differently”, with many executives requesting, for example, a week of four days or more of teleworking.

The difficulties are particularly strong in the digital sector where 79% of companies mentioned in May the “lack of talent” as the main obstacle to their growth. In consulting, employers are opting for a “diversification of profiles”, according to Syntec. In short: by recruiting, for example, from less reputable schools.


The education sector is affected by an unprecedented crisis in the recruitment of teachers, with more than 4,000 positions not filled in competitions this year, out of 27,300 open positions in the public and private sectors (and 850,000 teachers in total) . To respond to this shortage, the National Education has recruited contract teachers, with 3,000 people hired for this start of the school year according to the ministry.

In the longer term, the government is working to restore the attractiveness of the profession by increasing teachers’ salaries, so that none of them start their careers “at less than 2,000 euros net” per month at the start of the school year. 2023, according to the government.

Care and social professions

Among the 10 professions where recruitment is the most difficult, according to Pôle emploi, are home helpers and housekeepers in second place. In 9th place are nurses, nursing managers and childcare workers. These professionals had to continue working during the health crisis and found themselves on the “front line” with working conditions made particularly difficult by the virus.

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