Death of Queen Elizabeth: How many Germans! And William the Conqueror, in all this?

Death of Queen Elizabeth: How many Germans!  And William the Conqueror, in all this?

Almost everything has been said about the death of Queen Elizabeth, about this long page of history which is closing for the United Kingdom, a page which made the link between the 19e and XXe centuries: when Elizabeth of York was born in 1926, many English people had known Queen Victoria, who died barely a quarter of a century before and was born while Napoleon Ier was still languishing in Saint Helena!

But we forget that with the death of Queen Elizabeth, it is also a dynastic page that turns. Of course, since the First War world, the royal family took the name of Windsor, but that cannot hide the genealogical realities: great-great-granddaughter of Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Cobourg-Gotha, Elisabeth was therefore a Saxe-Cobourg-Gotha , that is to say of German ancestry in the paternal line, with roots plunging into Saxony before the year one thousand. A family that reigned over the United Kingdom for 121 years with Kings Edward VII, son of Victoria, George V, son of Edward VII, Edward VIII and George VI, both sons of George V and Elizabeth, daughter of George VI. Today, the Saxe-Cobourg-Gotha still reign in Belgium with King Philippe. His daughter, Princess Elisabeth, who should succeed him one day, will therefore be the last of this line to wear the crown of Belgium. Incidentally, that is, through her father, Queen Victoria was a Hanoverian, therefore also from a German family. The Hanoverians who ruled the Kingdom of Great Britain from 1714 to 1901.

With the accession of Prince Charles, another German house ascends the British throne. Not that of Mountbatten (anglicization of Battenberg), as one might think, since it was the name given to Prince Philip when he was naturalized on the occasion of his marriage, a name which was that of his mother. , Princess Alice of Battenberg. Member of the royal family of Greece, itself from the royal family of Denmark, prince Philip was – we hang on – a Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderbourg-Glücksburg. This house which bore the title of duke was itself a branch of the house of Oldenburg – named after a town located today in Lower Saxony, about forty kilometers west of Bremen -, going back at the beginning of the XIe century. Today, this family of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderbourg-Glücksburg still reigns over Denmark with Queen Margrethe II who celebrated her golden jubilee this year. She will be the last of this house to reign over Denmark, her son, Frederik having for father Prince Henrik, born Henri de Laborde de Montpezat. The Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderbourg-Glücksburg also reign over Norway with King Harald V, who should be succeeded by his son Haakon.

Many readers will be surprised to learn that this Oldenburg house has extended its branches to Russia. Indeed, Peter Ier the Great (1682-1725), founder of Saint-Petersburg, without male descendants, succeeded in marrying his daughter Anna, born out of wedlock, with Duke Charles-Frédéric de Schleshwig-Holstein-Gottorp (1700-1739), from the Oldenburg house. A child was born from this union, the future Pierre III (1728-1762). Thereby, strictly speakingall Romanovs since Peter III are Oldenburgs!

How many Germans! But then, William the Conqueror from whom all British sovereigns claim to be descended? It’s indisputable, rest assured, they descend from it! George Ier (1660-1727), the first king of Hanover, held his rights to the crown of England through his maternal grandmother Elizabeth Stuart (1596-1662), daughter of James Ier Stuart (1566-1625), King of England and Scotland. The Stuarts held, in short, the crown of England through the Tudors and Beauforts, themselves descendants of the Plantagenets who inherited it through the marriage, in 1128, of Geoffrey V Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, with Matilda the Emperor , daughter of Henry Ier Beauclerc, himself son of William the Conqueror.

A pleasure to browse this English garden that is the genealogy of the kings of England! Nothing to do with the Capetian French garden.

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