Counter-offensive, civilian victims, cereals… The conflict in four infographics

Counter-offensive, civilian victims, cereals… The conflict in four infographics

Volodymyr Zelensky went to Izioum on Wednesday, promising the Ukrainians the “victory” and emphasizing that “virtually all of the Kharkiv region”, bordering the Russia, was now “liberated”, thanks to a counter-offensive that began in early September. “Four hundred and fifty graves” were discovered near Izium, a city in eastern Ukraine, presidential adviser Mykhaïlo Podoliak said on Friday. In order to verify these allegations, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights of the UN wishes to send a team on site “soon”. Here is a point in four infographics on this new week of war in ukraineending this Friday, the 204th day of conflict.

In the East, the dazzling breakthrough of the Ukrainians

The situation in eastern Ukraine on September 16, 2022, as Kyiv forces wage an effective counteroffensive.
The situation in eastern Ukraine on September 16, 2022, as Kyiv forces wage an effective counteroffensive. – SIMON MALFATTO, PAZ PIZARRO, KENAN AUGEARD

the President Ukrainian Volodymyr Zelensky went on Wednesday to Izium, a reconquered strategic town in the Kharkiv region (east). This is his first visit to the territories recaptured from the Russians this month during a dazzling counter-offensive. Faced with a counter-offensive in the South, a surprise breakthrough in the North-East and no less than 5,000 km of territory recovered, the troops of Moscow have no choice but to back down. A turning point in the war where, so far, the advances of the Russian troops were much more notable than those of the Ukrainians.

In response, the Russian army, whose strikes have caused major power cuts in several Ukrainian regions in recent days, said Wednesday that it was pounding Ukrainian forces in all directions, particularly in the Kharkiv region. Many experts point out, however, that Moscow was taken aback by this counter-offensive. That Russia did not see it coming “is a colossal failure of military intelligence”, believes Michael Kofman, of the American institute CNA. They “completely missed it”. “Russia did not know how to anticipate”, abounds Pierre Grasser, historian of international relations and researcher at the Sirice laboratory in Paris.

The gas war

Map of Europe representing the share of natural gas in the energy mix of each State in 2020.
Map of Europe representing the share of natural gas in the energy mix of each State in 2020. – Sophie RAMIS, Valentin RAKOVSKY

kyiv continues to encourage theEuropean Union to “resist the energy pressure” from Moscow. Energy is by far the leading component of inflation in the zone euro with an increase of 38.3% over one year according to Eurostat’s first estimate for August. A situation that weighs on the entire economy by raising the production costs of companies. The situation has become so critical that some factories, or even swimming pools in France, have closed to avoid excessive bills. However, some countries are more dependent on natural gas than others, as this map shows.

France, for example, is more protected thanks to an energy mix mainly based on nuclear power. Either way, European countries are moving away from Russian gas. And energy independence is necessary (on a European scale at least) because Moscow is turning to theEast. Thursday, the Minister Russian of Energy announced that the Force of Siberia 2 gas pipeline, under discussion for several years between Moscow and beijingwill “replace” Nord Stream 2, which was to connect Russia toEurope and whose commissioning has been abandoned since the conflict in Ukraine.

Many civilian casualties

Map of Ukraine showing civilian casualties recorded by the NGO Acled since the start of the conflict on February 24
Map of Ukraine showing the civilian victims recorded by the NGO Acled since the beginning of the conflict on February 24 – Jean-Michel CORNU, STAFF, Anibal MAIZ CACERES, Sophie STUBER

Many civilians have been killed since the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. According to theUN, at least 13,917 Ukrainians have died since the beginning of the war, even if this assessment only counts the deaths that Westerners have been able to authenticate. In reality, the victims are most likely far more numerous. On this map, we can see the civilian deaths recorded by the NGO Acled on September 9.

This macabre tally could well ramp up quickly with the Ukrainian counter-offensive. On Friday, Ukrainian authorities discovered hundreds of graves in a forest on the outskirts of Izium, a town recently recaptured from Russian forces in the Kharkiv region, an area where the police adds that he discovered ten “torture rooms”. According to local authorities, a total of 443 graves were discovered on this site, including a grave containing the bodies of 17 Ukrainian soldiers.

Those who receive the wheat

Destination by country and region of the world of grain exports from Ukraine since the establishment of the Joint Coordination Center in July.
Destination by country and region of the world of grain exports from Ukraine since the establishment of the Joint Coordination Center in July. – Sabrina BLANCHARD, Gal ROMA / AFP

Since the start of the Russian invasion more than six months ago, Kyiv receives large financial envelopes. But wheat is also these cereals who have difficulty getting out of Ukraine, in the middle of the war. Of the approximately 58 million tonnes of grain storage capacity in Ukraine, the Russians took control of 6.24 million and 2.25 million were destroyed. These significant losses call into question Ukraine’s ability to continue its role as breadbasket for many countries, which depend on the country for their supplies of wheat, corn and sunflower in particular.

Moscow is increasingly contesting two agreements reached in July in Istanbul allowing the export of these commodities from Ukraine despite the Russian offensive, but also, in theory, exports from Moscow which have been affected by Western sanctions. the Kremlin states in particular that most Ukrainian food products go to the countries european, which kyiv denies, and complains of obstacles to the export of Russian cereals and fertilizers. We can see from this infographic that Ukrainian cereals are not exclusively sent to Europe. Still, Russian criticism is raising fears that Ukrainian exports will be further hampered, as the conflict raises concerns for global food security.

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