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Disappointed and bitter. One after the other, the Senegalese leader Macky Sall, on behalf of the African Union (AU) of which he holds the rotating presidency, that of Ghana, Nana Akufo-Addo, that of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) , Félix Tshisekedi, President of Ethiopia, Sahle-Work Zewde, and Moussa Faki Mahamat, Chairman of the AU Commission, deplored the absence of Heads of State from industrialized countries at the summit devoted to Africa’s adaptation to climate change, Monday September 5 in Rotterdam.
“ We made the effort to leave Africa to come to Rotterdam and they are absent from this room when it was certainly easier for them to movecastigated the Senegalese president. They are the main polluters and must finance adaptation” countries that are not responsible for climate change.
Two months before the United Nations climate conference (COP27) in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, African leaders wanted to take advantage of this meeting organized by the Global Center for Adaptation (GCA) to mobilize the international attention on one of the continent’s priorities as the Covid-19 pandemic and the inflationary shock linked to the Ukrainian crisis are reducing its financial capacities.
Thirty-three African States out of 54 are among the least developed countries. “Our countries are already forced to devote between 2% and 5% of their GDP to deal with a problem that they did not create. They receive an insignificant share of international funding. It is one of the most shocking injustices against the continent.criticized Moussa Faki Mahamat.
“Africans are not begging”
About $50 billion per year is needed to implement the adaptation policies developed by African governments by 2030. Only part of this can be secured from domestic resources. Rwanda, for example, has already warned that it was unable to cover more than 40% of its needs, Ghana a third and Kenya just over 10%.
In 2019 and 2020, industrialized countries contributed $11 billion, according to data published by the GCA: 97% came from public financing and in particular from multilateral development banks, and more than half of this financing were loans contributing to increase the indebtedness of the countries.
The African Development Bank (AfDB) and the GCA launched in 2021 an Acceleration Program for Adaptation in Africa, the objective of which is to raise 25 billion dollars by 2025 to support, for example, adaptation initiatives. adaptation in agriculture or build infrastructure capable of withstanding climate shocks. “Africans are not begging or waiting. They put money on the table,” underlined the President of the AfDB, Akinwumi Adesina, reminding the industrialized countries of their duty of solidarity.
This program is made up of two components: a start-up fund of $250 million which should make it possible to assess the feasibility of the projects, and, secondly, a financing plan. The AfDB hopes to raise this amount during COP27. France, which was represented in Rotterdam by its Secretary of State for Development, Chrysoula Zacharopoulou, announced that it would contribute 10 million euros to support projects linked to the Great Green Wall and the FARM initiative (Food and Agriculture Resilience Mission), led by Emmanuel Macron and Macky Sall.